LEWIS, I.M.


LEWIS, I.M.
LEWIS, I.M. (1930– ), social anthropologist. Born in Glasgow, Scotland, Ioan Myrddin Lewis was educated at the University of Glasgow and at Oxford University, where he received a diploma in social anthropology in 1952, a B.Litt. in 1953, and a D.Phil. in 1957. He worked as a research assistant at the Royal Institute of International Affairs in London in 1954 and 1955, then as a lecturer in African Studies at the University College of Rhodesia and Nyasaland in Salisbury, Southern Rhodesia (now the University of Zimbabwe), from 1957 to 1960. Lewis returned to the University of Glasgow as a lecturer in social anthropology from 1960 to 1963, and he became a lecturer in anthropology at the University of London in 1963. From 1982 Lewis was professor of anthropology at the London School of Economics and Political Science and served as honorary director of the International African Institute, eventually becoming professor emeritus of anthropology at the London School of Economics. Lewis wrote many significant works on African religious and cultural systems, including Peoples of the Horn of Africa: Somali, Afar, and Saho (1955); Pastoral Democracy: A Study of Pastoralism and Politics among the Northern Somali of the Horn of Africa (1961); A Modern History of Somalia (1988); Blood and Bone: The Call of Kinship in Somali Society (1994); and Saints and Somalis: Popular Islam in a Clan-Based Society (1998). Lewis's 1971 work, Ecstatic Religion: An Anthropological Study of Spirit Possession and Shamanism, became a classic text in university departments of anthropology, sociology, religion, and psychology. Lewis explored in this work the social functions of the notion of spirit possession, as well as the psychological foundations of ecstatic experience, suggesting connections between shamanism and psychoanalysis. Lewis served as a member of numerous professional organizations, including the International African Institute, the Royal Anthropological Institute, the Anglo-Somali Society, and the Association of Social Anthropologists of the British Commonwealth. He was a Colonial Social Science research fellow in the Somaliland Protectorate from 1955 to 1957, a Carnegie visiting fellow in the Republic of Somalia in 1962, and a British Academy fellow in 1986. In addition to his many books, he contributed to numerous publications, including the Journal of Modern African Studies, and he served as the editor of the Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute (formerly published as Man) from 1968 to 1972. (Dorothy Bauhoff (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • LEWIS (P. W.) — LEWIS PERCY WYNDHAM (1882 1957) Né en 1882 sur le yacht paternel, Percy Wyndham Lewis fut ainsi canadien par proximité géographique, avant de devenir le plus cosmopolite des artistes de culture anglaise. Vers les vingt neuf ans on lui connaît un… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • LEWIS (J. L.) — LEWIS JOHN LLEWELLYN (1880 1969) Fils d’un mineur gallois fixé dans l’Iowa, John Lewis suit, professionnellement et syndicalement, la tradition paternelle. Il impose rapidement ses talents de lutteur, d’organisateur et son ambition. À vingt six… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • LEWIS (M. G.) — LEWIS MATTHEW GREGORY (1775 1818) Au risque de décevoir, on ne peut pas maintenir la légende qui, par une étrange assimilation du personnage central d’une œuvre à son créateur, abolissant ainsi l’écart entre le réel et l’imaginaire, fait de M. G …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Lewis — (Carlton Mc Hinley, dit Carl) (né en 1961) athlète américain; champion olympique à Los Angeles (1984) du 100 m, du 200 m, du saut en longueur et du 4 fois 100 m. Lewis (Gilbert Newton) (1875 1946) physicien et chimiste américain. Il définit les… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • LEWIS (S.) — LEWIS SINCLAIR (1885 1951) Premier écrivain américain à avoir obtenu le prix Nobel de littérature, en 1930, Sinclair Lewis est un satiriste doublé d’un naturaliste. Ses cibles: la petite ville (Main Street , 1920), avec ses mesquineries, ses… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • LEWIS (A.) — LEWIS ARTHUR (1915 1991) Auteur de Theory of Economic Growth (1955) et Prix Nobel d’économie en 1979 avec Theodore Schultz, sir Arthur Lewis est né à Sainte Lucie, aux Antilles, en 1915 et a étudié à la London School of Economics. Rendu célèbre… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Lewis — Lewis, C. S. (1898 1963) a British writer and university teacher. He wrote literary and religious works but is famous for his children s stories The Chronicles of Narnia, which include the well known novel The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Lewis — Lewis, IA U.S. city in Iowa Population (2000): 438 Housing Units (2000): 196 Land area (2000): 0.500017 sq. miles (1.295038 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.500017 sq. miles (1.295038 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places